Development of Network Interactions: the Role of Russian Cluster Initiatives

Based on the survey of three pilot innovative clusters in Russia the study explores specificity of linkages that are in process of formation among cluster participants, and the activity of cluster organizations in their search for «smart specialization». Motivations and perceptions of clusters’ stakeholders are in the focus of research, including such aspects as how they understand the role of cluster, and how it may be combined with the status of science city that the given clusters also possess. It is demonstrated that even though formation of sustainable linkages within clusters continues to be problematic, application of the instrument of cluster development has led to a number of positive effects. They include improvement of teaching curricular at higher education organizations, establishment of new types of relationships between small, medium and large enterprises, as well as to development of inter-cluster interactions

Keywords: innovative clusters, network connections, Russia, science cities, motivations


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