Support of Photonics at the State Level: a Comparative Analysis of International Experience

The article analyzes the role of government in promoting of photonics in USA, EU, Japan, South Korea and China. The authors show that the government support in the countries-leaders — USA, EU and Japan, has changed under the pressure of international competition from South Korea and China. New tools and priorities were introduced mainly based on public-private partnerships even though photonics is not a national priority in either of the courtiers discussed in this article. Photonics is qualified as important enabling technology necessary for development state priority initiatives. The conclusion is made that government support of photonics in Russia should be based on existing infrastructural components such as technology platforms and clusters.

Ключевые слова: photonics, markets, government policy, foreign experience, public-private partnership, consortia

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