Competitive positions of suppliers and customers in the system of procurement of scientific and technological products

The article examines the possibility of competition in public procurement of scientific and technological products. The method of analyzing M. Porter's «five forces» of competition was chosen as the basis for the study. It is shown that despite some positive aspects, such as the high availability of participation in competitive procedures, in general, the existing procurement system does not contribute to the development of competition in the scientific and technological sphere. The negative factors of the existing system have a double-edged sword on both the supplier and the customer. In addition, improving public procurement procedures requires a rather complex choice of two options: optimizing the market and maximizing customer costs or encouraging innovation and striving for the quality of purchased products

Keywords: public procurement, scientific and technological products, «five forces» of competition, supplier, customer, market power, cartels


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