Biotechnological prospects of development of the market economy

For a third of a century of existence of the theory of sustainable development in a variety of concepts and national programs based on them, the world is on an extremely dangerous path of socio-technogenic development of life. Technogenically developing society on the basis of various industrial, nonbiosphere technologies financed by the market economy creates an artificial environment of life — the technosphere, technogenically transforms the biosphere, its natural and biological processes. Despite some success in creating effective business models, destructive processes in the biosphere are increasing, so rethinking the mechanism of economic activity is particularly relevant. Purpose of research is to study justification of the expanded understanding of the modern economy as post-biosphere, technogenically changing the living biological substance of the biosphere and guiding the world through the stages of postbiospheric biotechnological development of life in the urban technosphere. The research methodology is a systematic socio-natural approach, discovered by V. I. Vernadsky and based on the consideration of the mutually dependent development of social and natural phenomena. This approach is being developed by supplementing it with interdisciplinary research that focuses on a new understanding of industrial relations. The market economy contributes to the formation of a rational technosphere system of life, in which the economic society gradually translates all the processes of biotechnological reproduction of life. The globalizing post-biosphere economy is the most important megatrend of our time, the dynamic expansion of which must be strategically limited in sustainable development programs in order to safely shape the future of the world. In this context of developing strategic constraints it is necessary to reevaluate the components of such an economy: market rationality, focus on constant growth, investment in the insufficiently considered development of nature-like technologies and expansion of the technosphere. The emerging «Digital Earth» project, which is focused on visual reproduction in a virtual environment based on multidimensional data of various social and natural processes in the real world, should be considered as a platform for supporting international cooperation in order to solve problems of sustainable development, modeling socio-ecological and economic processes, analysis and forecasting of constraints

Keywords: technosphere, biosphere, post-biosphere economy, socio-techno-natural processes, living biological substance


  1. D. Bell. The coming post-industrial society. Experience in social forecasting. Moscow, Academia, 1999. 956 p.
  2. S. N. Bobylyov, B. N. Porfirjev. In search of a new economy//Bulletin of the Moscow University. Series 6. Economy. 2019. Vol. 4. P. 3-7.
  3. V. I. Vernadsky. Biosphere: thoughts and sketches: collection of scientific works of V. I. Vernadsky. Moscow, Noosfera, 2001. 243 p.
  4. A. G. Viktorov. Global market of transgenic plants: time to think//Protection and quarantine of plants. 2015. Vol. 7. P. 13-15.
  5. V. I. Danilov-Danilyan, I. E. Reif. Biosphere and civilization: in the grip of a global crisis. Мoscow, Lenand, 2019. 316 p.
  6. E. S. Demidenko, E. A. Dergacheva, N. V. Popkova. Philosophy of social and technogenic development of the world: articles, concepts, and terms. Мoscow, Vsemirnaya informenciklopediya. Bryansk: BSTU, 2011. 388 p.
  7. E. S. Demidenko, E. A. Dergacheva. From the global degradation of the biosphere to the changing evolution of life: scientific report. Moscow: RAS, 2017. 28 p.
  8. E. A. Dergacheva. The concept of socio-techno-natural globalization: an interdisciplinary analysis. Moscow: Lenand, 2016. 256 p.
  9. Green economy and sustainable development goals for Russia/Eds. by S. N. Bobylyov, P. A. Kiryushin, O. V. Kudryavceva. Мoscow: Faculty of Economics of MSU n. a. M. V. Lomonosov, 2019. 284 p.
  10. V. V. Ivanov. Scientific and technological policy in the context of a new strategy for the development of Russia//Innovations. 2019. № 4 (246). P. 3-7.
  11. M. V. Kovalchuk, O. S. Narajkin, E. B. Yacishina. Nature-like technologies: new opportunities and new challenges//Bulletin of RAS. 2019. № 5. P. 455-465.
  12. V. L. Makarov, A. R. Bahtizin, E. D. Sushko, A. F. Ageeva. Artificial society and real demographic processes//Economics and mathematical methods. 2017. № 53 (1). P. 3-18.
  13. V. L. Makarov, A. R. Bahtizin, E. D. Sushko, A. F. Ageeva. Regional environmental management: an agent-based approach//XIII all-Russian conference on control problems VSPU-2019: proceedings. Moscow: V. A. Trapeznikov Institute of management problems of RAS, 2019. P. 1609-1613.
  14. D. H. Meadows, Y. Runders, D. L. Meadows. Limits of growth: 30 years later. Moscow: Binom, 2012. 358 p.
  15. N. V. Orlova. Overview of the biotechnology market in Russia and in the world. Barriers and prospects for development. Moscow,: Issledovatel'skaya kompaniya Aberkejd, 2019.
  16. B. N. Porfirjev. An effective strategy for dealing with climate change and its consequences for the Russian economy//Problems of forecasting. 2019. Vol. 3. P. 3-16.
  17. J. Stiglitz, А. Sen, J. P. Fitoussi. Incorrectly assessing our lives: Why GDP doesn't make sense? Report of the Commission on measuring economic performance and social progress/Translated by I. Kushnareva. Moscow: Gaidar’s Institute, 2016. 216 p.
  18. R. Fuks. Green revolution: Economic growth without harm to the environment. Мoscow: Alpina Non-fiction, 2016. 330 p.
  19. R. I. Hasbulatov. International corporations in the global economy. Мoscow: Yurait, 2020. 395 p.
  20. Man in the megalopolis: the experience of interdisciplinary research/Eds. by B. A. Revich, O. V. Kuznetsova. Мoscow: Lenand, 2019. 640 p.
  21. K. Schwab, N. Davis. Technologies of the fourth industrial revolution. Moscow: Eksmo, 2019. 320 p.
  22. A. S. Yakovlev. Problems of soil protection and organic products. Nature of Russia. National portal. 16.04.2014.
  23. I. A. Yakovlev, L. S. Kabir, S. I. Nikulina, I. D. Rakov. Financing «green» economic growth: concepts, problems, approaches//Financial Journal. 2017. № 3 (37). P. 9-21.
  24. E. S. Demidenko, E. A. Dergacheva. Changing the evolution of life and the main ways of saving natural biological substance//International Journal of Applied and Fundamental Research. Issues. 2019. № 3.
  25. K. V. Dergachev, Yu. T. Trifankov. Modern Philosophy in the Context of Interdisciplinary Studies of Human and Nature//Smart Technologies and Innovations in Design for Control of Technological Processes and Objects: Economy and Production, 139. 2019 P. 228-233.
  26. Frost & Sullivan. Обзор рынка биотехнологий в России и оценка перспектив его развития. М., 2014. 70 с.
  27. Guide to Corporate Ecosystem Valuation. The World Business Council for Sustainable Development, 2011. 74 p.
  28. M. Hales, E. Peterson, A. Mendoza Pena. Global cities, Kearney A. T., 2016. Index_2016.pdf 
  29. G. Huadong, M. F. Goodchild, A. Annoni (eds.) Manual of Digital Earth. Springer, International Society for Digital Earth, 2019.
  30. UNEP. Green Economy Report: A Preview. 2010.
  31. WWF. Living Planet Report – 2018: Aiming Higher. M. Grooten and R. E. A. Almond (eds). WWF, Gland, Switzerland, 2018.