Resistance to Innovation in the Energy sector

The scientific novelty of this work lies in its emphasis on perspective of employees and how the personal perception of the future is connected to their resistance to innovations. The authors identified four clusters within the sample of managers: combined project managers with positive future time perspectives (II; IV) and two clusters with negative future time perspectives (I; III) determining high level of resistance to innovation

Keywords: Resistance to Innovations, Resistance to Change, Social Psychology, Project Management


1. A. Armenakis, S. Harris, K. Mossholder. Creating readiness for organizational change//Human relations, 46 (6), 1993. P. 681-703.

2. B. Baltes, K. Wynne, M. Sirabian, D. Krenn, A. De Lange. Future time perspective, regulatory focus, and selection, optimization, and compensation: Testing a causal model//Journal of Organizational Behavior, 35 (8), 2014. P. 1120-1133.

3. A. Bardi, S. Schwartz. Values and behavior: Strength and structure of relations//Personality and social psychology bulletin, 29 (10), 2003. P. 1207-1220.

4. J. Bartunek. The multiple cognitions and conflicts associated with second order organizational change/In: Murnighan J. (ed.). Social psychology in organizations: Advances in theory and research. Englewood Cliffs. N. J.: Prentice-Hall, 1993. P. 322-349.

5. B. Bemmels, Y. Reshef. Manufacturing employees and technological change//Journal of Labor Research, 12 (3), 1991. P. 231-246.

6. M. Benasayag, G. Schmit. Les passions tristes. Souffrance psychique et crise sociale. Paris: La De couvert, 2003.

7. B. Burnes. Kurt Lewin and the Harwood studies: The foundations of OD//Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 43 (2), 2007. P. 213-231.

8. B. Burnes. Introduction: Why does change fail, and what can we do about it?//Journal of Change Management, 11 (4), 2011. P. 445-450.

9. B. Burnes. Managing change (6th ed.). Harlow: Pearson, 2014.

10. B. Burnes. Understanding Resistance to Change — Building on Coch and French//Journal of Change Management, 15 (2), 2015. P. 92-116.

11. B. Burnes, B. Cooke. The past, present and future of organization development: Taking the long view//Human Relations, 65 (11), 2012. P. 1395-1429.

12. B. Burnes, B. Weekes. Success and failure with advanced manufacturing technology: the need for a broader perspective// Advanced manufacturing engineering, 1 (2), 1989. P. 88-94.

13. M. Choi, W. Ruona. Individual readiness for organizational change and its implications for human resource and organization development//Human Resource Development Review, 10 (1), 2011. P. 46-73.

14. L. Coch, J. French. Overcoming resistance to change//Human relations, 1, 1948. P. 512-532.

15. D. Collins. Organizational change. London: Routledge, 1998.

16. T. Cummings, C. Worley. Organization development and change (9th ed.). Mason, OH: South-Western College, 2009.

17. W. Daniel, T. Hogarth. Worker support for technical change. New Technology//Work and Employment, 5 (2), 1990. P. 85-93.

18, K. De Vries. A journey into the «Wild East»: Leadership style and organizational practices in Russia//Organizational Dynamics, 28 (4), 2000. P. 67-81.

19. K. De Vries. The anarchist within: Clinical reflections on Russian character and leadership style//Human Relations, 54 (5), 2001. P. 585-627.

20. T. Deacon. Incomplete nature. How mind emerged from matter. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Incorporated, 2011.

21. E. Dent, S. Goldberg. Challenging resistance to change//The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 35 (1), 1999. P. 25-41.

22. T. Dietz, A. Dan, R. Shwom. Support for climate change policy: Social psychological and social structural influences//Rural Sociology, 72 (2), 2007. P. 185-214.

23. S. Dixon, M. Day. The rise and fall of Yukos: A case study of success and failure in an unstable institutional environment//Journal of Change Management, 10 (3), 2010. P. 275-292.

24. D. Erwin, A. Garman. Resistance to organizational change: linking research and practice//Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 31 (1), 2010. P. 39-56.

25. L. Festinger. The theory of cognitive dissonance. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press, 1957.

26. J. Ford, L. Ford, A. D’Amelio. Resistance to change: The rest of the story//The Academy of Management Review, 33 (2), 2008. P. 362-377.

27. J. Ford, L. Ford. Stop Blaming Resistance to Change and Start Using It//Organizational Dynamics, 39 (1), 2010. P. 24-36.

28. S. Fuchs, M. Edwards. Predicting pro-change behaviour: The role of perceived organisational justice and organisational identification//Human Resource Management Journal, 22 (1), 2011. P. 39-59.

29. M. Fugate, G. Prussia, A. Kinicki. Managing employee withdrawal during organizational change: The role of threat appraisal//Journal of Management, 38 (3), P. 890-914.

30. J. Georgalis, R. Samaratunge, N. Kimberley, Y. Lu. Change process characteristics and resistance to organisational change: The role of employee perceptions of justice//Australian Journal of Management, 40 (1), 2015. P. 89-113.

31. A. Gonzalez, P. Zimbardo. Time in perspective//Psychology today, 19 (3), 1985. P. 21-26.

32. M. Grachev, M. Bobina. Russian organizational leadership: Lessons from the GLOBE study//International Journal of leadership studies, 1 (2), 2006. P. 67-79.

33. J. Hauschildt. Opposition to innovations — destructive or constructive?/In: K. Brockhoff, A. Chakrabarti, J. Hauschildt (eds.). The dynamics of innovation. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 1999. P. 213-236.

34. A. Hon, M. Bloom, J. Crant. Overcoming resistance to change and enhancing creative performance//Journal of Management, 40 (3), 2014. P. 919-941.

35. K. Hood. Times of life and timing in developmental psychology//Culture & Psychology, 12 (2), 2006. P. 230-244.

36. L. Horstmanshof, C. Zimitat. Future time orientation predicts academic engagement among first-year university students// British Journal of Educational Psychology, 77 (3), 2007. P. 703-718.

37. A. Huczynski, D. Buchanan.Organizational Behaviour: An Introductory Text (Instructor’s Manual). Financial Times: Prentice Hall, 2001.

38. M. Javidan, R. House. Cultural acumen for the global manager: Lessons from Project GLOBE//Organizational dynamics, 29 (4), 2001. P. 289-305.

39. D. Jones, D. Skarlicki. How perceptions of fairness can change: A dynamic model of organizational justice//Organizational Psychology Review, 3 (2), 2013. P. 138-160.

40. E. Jones. Interpersonal perception. New York, NY: Freeman, 1990.

41. I. Josephs, J. Valsiner, S. Surgan. The process of meaning construction. Dissecting the flow of semiotic activity/In: J. Brandstadter, R. Lerner (eds.). Action & self-development. Theory and research through the life-span. Thousand Oaks: Sage, 1999. P. 257-282.

42. T. Judge, C. Thoresen, V. Pucik, T. Welbourne. Managerial coping with organizational change: A dispositional perspective//Journal of Applied Psychology, 84 (1), 1999. P. 107-122.

43. B. Kirkman, D. Shapiro. The impact of cultural values on employee resistance to teams: Toward a model of globalized self-managing work team effectiveness//Academy of Management Review, 22 (3), 1997. P. 730-757.

44. J. Kotter. Leading change. Harvard Business Press, 1996.

45. J. Kotter, L. Schlesinger. Choosing strategies for change//Harvard Business Review, 57 (2), 1979. P. 106-114.

46. C. Lau, R. Woodman. Understanding organizational change: A schematic perspective//Academy of Management Journal, 38 (2), 1995. P. 537-554.

47. P. Lawrence. How to deal with resistance to change//Harvard Business Review, 32 (3), 1954. P. 49-57.

48. K. Lewin. Frontiers in group dynamics/In: D. Cartwright (ed.), Field theory in social science. London: Social Science Paperbacks, 1947. P. 188-237.

49. K. Lewin. Group decisions and social change/In: T. Newcomb, E. Hartley (eds.). Readings in social psychology. New York, NY: Henry Holt, 1947. P. 330-344.

50. F. Luthans, S. Peterson, E. Ibrayeva. The potential for the «dark side» of leadership in post communist countries//Journal of World Business, 33 (2), 1998. P. 185-201.

51. A. Marrow. The practical theorist: The life and work of Kurt Lewin. New York, NY: Teachers College Press, 1969.

52. R. Maurer. Beyond the wall of resistance: Unconventional strategies that build support for change. Austin, TX: Bard Books, 1996.

53. B. McMillan, M. Connor. Motivating personal change/In: J. Kerr, R. Weitkunat, M. Moretti (eds.). ABC of behavior change. Edinburgh: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2005. P. 221-233.

54. A. Michel, R. By, B. Burnes. The limitations of dispositional resistance in relation to organizational change//Management Decision, 51 (4), 2013. P. 761-780.

55. T. Milfont, V. Gouveia. Time perspective and values: An exploratory study of their relations to environmental attitudes//Journal of Environmental Psychology, 26 (1), 2006. P. 72-82.

56. P. Milgrom, J. Roberts. An economic approach to influence activities in organizations//American Journal of sociology, 94, 1988. P. 154-179.

57. D. Morselli. The olive tree effect: Future time perspective when the future is uncertain//Culture & Psychology, 19 (3). P. 305-322.

58. M. Mumford, W. Baughman, K. Threlfall, C. Uhlman. Personality, adaptability, and performance: Performance on well-defined problemsolving tasks//Human Performance, 6 (3), 1993. P. 241-285.

59. S. Oreg. Personality, context, and resistance to organizational change//European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 15 (1). 2006. P. 73-101.

60. S. Oreg, N. Sverdlik. Ambivalence toward imposed change: The conflict between dispositional resistance to change and the orientation toward the change agent//Journal of Applied Psychology, 96 (2), 2011. P. 337-349.

61. S. Oreg, M. Bayazit, M. Vakola, L. Arciniega et al. Dispositional resistance to change: Measurement equivalence and the link to personal values across 17 nations//Journal of Applied Psychology, 93 (4), 2008. P. 935-944.

62. S. Oreg, O. Nevo, H. Metzer, N. Leder, D. Castro. Dispositional resistance to change and occupational interests and choices// Journal of Career Assessment, 17 (3), 2009. P. 312-323.

63. W. Overton. The arrow of time and the cycle of time: Concepts of change, cognition, and embodiment//Psychological Inquiry, 5 (3), 1994. P. 215-237.

64. M. Pardo del Val, C. Martı´nez Fuentes. Resistance to change: A literature review and empirical study//Management Decision, 41 (4), 2003. P. 148-155.

65. T. Peetsma, I. van der Veen. Relations between the development of future time perspective in three life domains, investment in learning, and academic achievement//Learning and Instruction, 21 (3), 2011. P. 481-494.

66. M. Peiperl. Resistance to change/In: N. Nicholson, P. Audia, M. Pillutula (eds.). The Blackwell encyclopedia of management (2nd ed.). Organizational behavior. Oxford: Blackwell, 2005. P. 348-349.

67. K. Phalet, I. Andriessen, W. Lens. How future goals enhance motivation and learning in multicultural classrooms//Educational Psychology Review, 16 (1), 2004. P. 59-89.

68. S. Piderit. Rethinking Resistance and Recognizing Ambivalence: A Multidimensional View of Attitudes toward an Organizational Change//The Academy of Management Review, 25 (4), 2000. P. 783-795.

69. J. Pieterse, M. Caniels, T. Homan. Professional discourses and resistance to change//Journal of Organizational Change Management, 25 (6), 2012. P. 798-818.

70. S. Puffer, D. McCarthy. Navigating the hostile maze: A framework for Russian entrepreneurship//The Academy of Management Executive, 15 (4), 2001. P. 24-36.

71. A. Rafferty, N. Jimmieson, A. Armenakis. Change Readiness A Multilevel Review//Journal of Management, 39 (1), 2013. P. 110-135.

72. S. Roccas, L. Sagiv, S. Schwartz, A. Knafo. The big five personality factors and personal values//Personality and social psychology bulletin, 28 (6), 2002. P. 789-801.

73. L. Rudolph. The fullness of time//Culture & Psychology, 12 (2), P. 169-204.

74. B. Senior, S. Swailes. Organizational Change (4th edition). London: Financial Times/Prentice-Hall, 2010.

75. T. Senturia, L. Flees, M. Maceda. Leading change management requires sticking to the PLOT. London: Bain & Company, 2008.

76. D. Shapiro, B. Kirkman. Employees’ reaction to the change to work teams: The influence of «anticipatory» injustice//Journal of Organizational Change Management, 12 (1), 1999. P. 51-66.

77. A. Strathman, J. Joireman (eds.) Understanding behavior in the context of time: Theory, research, and applications. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2005.

78. J. Swim, P. Stern, T. Doherty, S. Clayton, J. Reser, E. Weber, R. Gifford, G. Howard. Psychology and global climate change: Addressing a multi-faceted phenomenon and set of challenges. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2009.

79. R. Thomas, C. Hardy. Reframing resistance to organizational change//Scandinavian Journal of Management, 27 (3), 2011. P. 322-331.

80. R. Todnem By. Organisational change management: A critical review//Journal of Change Management, 5 (4), 2005. P. 369-380.

81. D. Waddell, A. Sohal. Resistance: a constructive tool for change management, Management Decision, 36 (8), 1998. P. 543-548.

82. T. Watson. Sociology, work and industry (3rd ed.). London: Routledge, 1997.

83. Y. Yamada, Y. Kato. Images of circular time and spiral repetition: The generative life cycle model//Culture & Psychology, 12 (2), 2006. P. 143-160.

84. P. Zimbardo, J. Boyd. Putting time in perspective: A valid, reliable individual-differences metric//Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77 (6), 1999. P. 1271-1288.

85. T. Zittoun. Lifecourse/In: J. Valsiner (ed.). Handbook of Culture and Psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. P. 513-535.

86. T. Zwick. Employee resistance against innovations//International Journal of Manpower, 23 (6), 2002. P. 542-552.