Formation of the institutional infrastructure of patent research in the Russian Federation

The article analyzes the state of the institutional infrastructure of patent research in the Russian Federation in order to identify the possibilities of introducing modern patent analytics tools into the activities of various organizations. The main elements of this infrastructure have been identified and investigated, namely: specialists in this field; existing educational services in the field of patent analytics and construction of patent landscapes; sources of patent information, both commercial and free; organizations offering services for the construction of these landscapes. Publicly available databases are considered in detail with the aim of investigating the possibility of using a wide range of people. Comparison of the volume of structured data uploaded from the following public databases of patent information is carried out: Espacenet, Patentscope, Google Patents. The problems arising from the use of noncommercial databases of patent information are identified and the ways to overcome them are considered. The paper draws conclusions and suggestions that can be used in practice

Keywords: patent landscapes, patent analytics, patent research, patents, intellectual property, objects of intellectual rights, higher education, intellectual property management


  1. WIPO Academy. Distance Learning Programs. WIPO. . (In Russ.)
  2. P. A. Arkin, E. L. Bogdanova, T. G. Maksimova et al. Theory and practice of innovation management in the scientific sphere, industry and business: monograph. St. Petersburg: Polyteh-Press, 2020. 434 p. . (In Russ.)
  3. E. Aslanov. The experience of using the patent landscape in decision-making in business. Methodologist. . (In Russ.)
  4. E. L. Bogdanova, A. A. Antipov, O. V. Vorobev et al. Theory and practice of intellectual property management in the digital economy: tutorial. M.: FIIP, 2019. (In Russ.)
  5. E. L. Bogdanova, G. M. Brovka, T. G. Maksimova, A. S. Nikolaev. Digital culture, skills of innovative entrepreneurship and intellectual property management — competencies of the future//Innovations. 2019. № 10 (252). P. 101-109. (In Russ.)
  6. I. N. Bochkova. The need to teach bachelors and masters of higher education the basics of patent analytics//Modern trends in the development of library and information technologies. Materials of the VII regional scientific and practical conference dedicated to the 60th anniversary of the Pacific State University. 2018. P. 169-177. (In Russ.)
  7. I. A. Brusakova, T. V. Kustov, R. E. Shepelev. Problems of building patent landscapes of companies//Planning and providing training for the industrial and economic complex of the region. 2017. № 1. P. 68-70. (In Russ.)
  8. A. S. Gorkushenko. Prospects for patent landscape services//Modern Science and Technical Progress. The new industrial revolution in the mirror of modern science. 2019. P. 10-13. (In Russ.)
  9. GOST R 15.011-96. State standard of the Russian Federation. System of product development and launching into production. Patent research. Content and procedure (adopted and put into effect by the Resolution of the Gosstandart of Russia from 30.01.1996 № 40)//SPS ConsultantPlus. (In Russ.)
  10. Civil Code of the Russian Federation (part four) dated 18.12.2006 № 230-FZ//SPS ConsultantPlus. (In Russ.)
  11. Contract for the provision of educational services № U-19/237 from 27.12.2019 (Central Federal District). FIPS Official Website. (In Russ.)
  12. Additional professional program (advanced training) «Patent Analytics». FIPS Official Website. (In Russ.)
  13. O. V. Ena, N. V. Popov. Development methodology patent landscaping project office FIPS//Stankoinstrument. 2019. № 1 (14). P. 28-35. (In Russ.)
  14. D. A. Zhuravlev, A. I. Litvinov, S. V. Murashova. The construction of patent landscapes as a tool for making effective decisions in the field of research and development//Man and Education. 2018. № 2 (55). P. 182-188. (In Russ.)
  15. D. A. Zhuravlev, S. V. Murashova, A. I. Litvinov. Analysis of the problems of constructing patent landscapes in the field of scientific research and development in the RF Armed Forces and ways to overcome them//Innovative activity in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. Proceedings of the All-Army Scientific Conference. Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation; International academy of authors of scientific discoveries and inventions (St. Petersburg branch); Military academy of communications. 2018. P. 24-27. (In Russ.)
  16. Information on procurement for the provision of services for the construction of patent landscapes. Unified information system in the field of procurement. . (In Russ.)
  17. N. G. Kurakova, V. G. Zinov. Assessment of the prospects for conquering the global technological leadership of the Russian Federation in the projection of the world patent landscape//Innovations. 2016. № 6 (212). P. 48-57. (In Russ.)
  18. N. G. Kurakova, L. A. Tsvetkova, V. G. Zinov. Patent landscape of the Russian Federation created by residents of the country: analysis of the identified problems//Economics of Science. 2016. T. 2. № 1. P. 64 -79. (In Russ.)
  19. Master's program «Intellectual Property Law in the Digital Age». HSE Official Website. (In Russ.)
  20. Master's program «Law of Information Technologies and Intellectual Property». Official website of the Higher School of Economics. , (In Russ.)
  21. T. G. Maximova, E. L. Bogdanova, G. M. Brovka. Study of changing role of leading universities in the national innovation ecosystem during transition to the «University 4.0» model//Science and Technique. 2020. № 19 (3). P. 258-266. (In Russ.)
  22. T. G. Maksimova, A. S. Nikolayev, D. Byambatsogt. Issledovatel'skiye universitety v natsional'noy innovatsionnoy ekosisteme//Teoriya i praktika obshchestvennogo razvitiya. 2018. № 8 (126). P. 81-87. (In Russ.)
  23. A. S. Nikolaev. Analysis of the business environment of the company using software tools for processing patent information and building patent landscapes. Society: politics, economics, law. 2018. (In Russ.)
  24. E. V. Nikulchev, D. Yu. Ilyin, G. G. Bubnov. Updating educational programs based on patent analysis as an indicator of the development of innovative technologies//Cloud of Science. 2017. T. 4. № 4. P. 513-524. (In Russ.)
  25. Educational program 27.04.08 «Intellectual Property Management». Official website of MSTU N. E. Bauman. (In Russ.)
  26. Training of intellectual property in the regions of Russia free of charge. FIPS. (In Russ.)
  27. Patent analytics. FIPS. (In Russ.)
  28. Patent research. VKO Intelligence. Intellectual Property Management. . (In Russ.)
  29. Patent landscapes. «Start-patent» patenting service. (In Russ.)
  30. Patent landscape. ABN Group. (In Russ.)
  31. Search for patent information. Espacenet. (In Russ.)
  32. Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 02.10.2004 г. № 514 «On federal executive bodies, the State atomic energy corporation «Rosatom» and the State corporation for space activities «Roscosmos», authorized to consider patent applications for secret inventions». SPS ConsultantPlus. . (In Russ.)
  33. The construction of patent landscapes (maps). Patent Family Group. (In Russ.)
  34. Order of Rospatent dated January 23, 2017 № 8 «On approval of the Methodological recommendations for the preparation of reports on patent review (patent landscape)». SPS ConsultantPlus. . (In Russ.)
  35. The work curriculum for the master's program «Intellectual Property Management». Official website of the Russian State Academy of Intellectual Property. . (In Russ.)
  36. The working curriculum for the master's program «Jurisprudence». Official website of the Russian State Academy of Intellectual Property. (In Russ.)
  37. Rospatent: figures, facts and projects 2019. Official site of Rospatent. (In Russ.)
  38. O. V. Sencha. Patent landscapes. Domestic and foreign publications: bibliogr. pointer. FIPS, VPTB. M., 2013. 19 p. (In Russ.)
  39. Cost of services. DFX patent. . (In Russ.)
  40. The curriculum «Master in Intellectual Property and the Law of New Technologies». Official website of the O. E. University Kutafina (Moscow State Law Academy). (In Russ.)
  41. The curriculum of the educational program «Intellectual Property Management». Official website of ITMO University. (In Russ.)
  42. The curriculum for the master's program 38.04.02 «International Innovation Management (in English)». Official site FGBOU VO «Russian Economic University n. a. G. V. Plekhanov». (In Russ.)
  43. The curriculum for the master's program 40.04.01 (Jurisprudence) «Intellectual and digital rights». Official site of Tomsk State University. (In Russ.)
  44. Curriculum «Management of innovative projects and intellectual property». Official website of the Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education «UrFU n. a. the first President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin». . (In Russ.)
  45. H. Ernst. An integrated portfolio approach to support market-oriented R&D planning//International Journal of Technology Management. 2003. Vol. 26. № 5/6. P. 540-560.
  46. Google Patents. Google.
  47. H. Noh, Y. Song, S. Lee. Identifying emerging core technologies for the future: Case study of patents published by leading telecommunication organizations//Telecommunications Policy. 2016. Vol. 40. P. 956-970.
  48. W. Nordhaus. An economic theory of technological changes//American Economic Review. 1969. Vol. 59 (2). P. 18-28.
  49. Patentscope. WIPO IP Portal.
  50. M. Vyukhin, D. Shulgin, A. Teykhrib. Patenting trends in secure decentralized communication//Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology. 2016. № 93 (1).P. 192-198.
  51. Webinars WIPO. WIPO.