Problems and perspectives of innovative development instruments using for spatial specialization shift of resource regions

The characteristic of possible approaches to reveal problems of resource regions development is given and prospects of influence of innovative activity on the change of their spatial specialization are designated in the article. The problems of resource-type regions development are highlighted in the context of the resource curse concept, comparative advantages and the theory of dependence. It is noted that the abundance of natural and mineral resources can be not only as an obstacle to the economic development of the country, but also as a factor that is favorable for integrated development of national economies. Examples of developed countries using reserves of natural and mineral resources for successful development are given (USA, Australia, and Canada). On the other hand, developing countries (Ghana, Brazil) those are rich in natural resources could not take this advantage for a number of reasons. Modern approaches developed by Russian researchers to study resource regions development in Russia have been identified. Complex interaction of actors in changing institutional environment is highlighted. Returns from scale play a key role in the phase of large deposits development. The interrelation between the features of resourcetype regions development and the specificity of innovative activity in them is considered. It is revealed that the level of resource dependence of the region on innovation activity is more likely to be negative. It is noted that the formation of conditions for innovation activity by the State does not lead to active introduction of innovations by business if there are no necessary incentives for this

Keywords: Russia, spatial specialization, innovative activity, resource curse, comparative advantages, resourcetype region


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