Behavioral models of enterprises using external and internal R&D for innovation activity

The study analyses the problems of using external and internal R&D for innovation enterprises’ innovation activity. The feasibility of using these sources is considered as the instruments of passing stages and special steps of technology development. The paper performs a macro level analysis of business enterprise sector of a row of countries. The government sector and sector of higher education are treated as sources of external R&D. As a result, the study defines typical behavioral models of enterprises using external and internal R&D for innovation activity. These models are presented as a sequential changing each other during stages and steps of the technology development. Particular attention is paid to public policy facilitating enterprises' choice of these models and their functioning. The research was supported by the Russian Science Fund (project N 14-18-01590)

Keywords: business enterprise sector, public policy, substitution, complementarity, stages, typical behavioral model


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