European experience of cluster internationalization for improving national competitiveness

The article observes European experience of improving national competitiveness through cluster internationalization. The review of studies made in the EU shows that networks are not capable of long-term excellence and development unless its members are acting in global markets and involved in international knowledge transfer. Based on the analysis of European experience the authors of the article suggest a working definition of «cluster internationalization» as well as a basic toolbox for internationalization of networks, including a set of criteria for identification of world-class clusters, a guide for designing a cluster internationalization strategy and a list of internationalization support programs.

Keywords: the European Union, globalization, competitiveness, cluster policy, world-class cluster