Entrepreneurial activity of the Novgorod republic as a background for modernization: the cultural and philosophical aspect of the phenomenon

The authors of the study identified the socio-cultural and philosophical prerequisites for entrepreneurial activity in the Novgorod Republic of the XII-XV centuries. The work was applied deterministic model for assessing the socio-cultural potential of pre-modernization. The study showed that trade entrepreneurship was the main vector of the socio-economic development of the Republic. An analysis was also made of the development of Novgorod entrepreneurship at the levels of habitulation, typification, institutionalization and legitimation. This made it possible to determine that the Novgorod society fully met the criteria of pre-modernization of the European type and was an organic part of the European trade and economic space of its time, having reified trade entrepreneurship at all levels. At the same time, the authors noted that the vector of innovative entrepreneurship in the Republic did not develop, despite the fact that it was the main vector of European modernization. At the same time, the vector of commercial entrepreneurship reached the level of institutionalization, but was interrupted due to the termination of the existence of the Republic

Keywords: innovation activity, the Novgorod Republic, commercial entrepreneurship, habitulation, typification, institutionalization, legitimation, pre-modernization.


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