The article is devoted to the study of various types of diversification and competences. The authors have concluded that lateral diversification is the most effective way to diversify Russian defense — industrial complex on the bases of civil production increase. The study also shows that among the many varieties of competences, including «company’s core competence», a new type of personal competences, named by the authors as «unique technological competences of a group of specialists (UTC)», could be the most appropriate for the diversification. These competences could create new products and technologies that will have global superiority and competitiveness in a wide variety of applications. The article presents a formulated notion of UTC as well as algorithms and examples of UTC identification and description. The authors also offer two ways of UTC commercialization: creating a new civil product based on UTC or offering UTC as a service to solve perspective tasks and/or current problems for outside customers. According to the conclusion, UTC is an intellectual resource that not widely used by the companies in the Russian defense — industrial complex to diversify their activities
Keywords: diversification, unique technological competences (UTC), algorithm to identify, describe and find alternative UTC applications
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