Analysis of the determinants of growth high-tech industries and services

The article identifies and investigates factors that affect the change in revenue of high-tech industries and services. A methodological approach has been developed that allows identifying and exploring in detail the factors of growth of economic sectors based on indicators of accounting reports of enterprises. Approbation of the methodological approach is carried out on the example of high-tech enterprises of the Tomsk region. Research period: 2012-2016. Data on the financial performance of enterprises were obtained from the system SPARK. The results of the study. The main factors of changes in the revenue of high-tech industries and services of the Tomsk region are determined and their detailed analysis is carried out. The main factors influencing the change in revenue were different for different sectors. The increase in revenues in the sector IT was due to the massive creation of small enterprises. But in the R & D sector it was determined by the growth of revenues of the three largest enterprises, which was faster than inflation. The main factor that led to a decrease in real revenue in high-tech manufacturing industries was the fall in real revenue from existing enterprises. The calculations made it possible to identify the main problems and gaps in the development of high-tech industries and services in the Tomsk region: low revenue from newly established enterprises, except for the sector IT, the absence of large and medium-sized gazelles, unfavorable business conditions and irregular financial reporting by enterprises. Based on these gaps, the main directions for stimulating the development of high-tech industries and services are proposed: stimulating the growth of newly created enterprises, targeted support the growth points among existing enterprises and compensation for the influence of unfavorable external environment for most enterprises. It is also recommended to organize interaction with enterprises that do not regularly submit accounting reports to statistical bodies

Keywords: high-tech industries, knowledge-intensive services, development factors, business creation, innovative economy, technological development, economic sanctions, regions of Russia, Tomsk region


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