This article analyzes major factors influencing scientific and technological capabilities in the oil and gas sector. The results of this study are derived from face-to-face interviews that have been conducted with representatives of the Russian companies developing new technologies for oil and gas extraction. We found that one of the most serious obstacles to technological development in the oil and gas extraction sector is its organizational structure characterized by the dominance of large vertically-integrated companies which have low stimulus to technological upgrades. The policy of import substitution failed to improve the situation fundamentally. Additionally, our study has revealed a set of problems related to activities of domestic suppliers of technologies, i. e. limited number of developed technologies and shortage of complex technological solutions. Meanwhile, the respondents assess their competitive advantages positively and hope to enter new domestic and international markets
Keywords: oil and gas sector, research and development, technologies, Russia, companies, government regulation
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