Russia’s Northern regions as frontier territories: evaluation of demographic indicators and innovations in management

The authors have considered the following question in their paper: whether Russia’s regions as part of the Zone of the North can be attributed, in whole or in part, to frontier territories at present. The authors’ method of frontier territories identifying has been presented in the paper. The authors proceeded from the assumption that frontier territories have special demographic characteristics and according to these ones frontier territories differ significantly from other Russian regions. The following basic demographic characteristics of the frontier territories have been proposed: the excess of men’s number over women’s number; more young inhabitants’ average age in comparison with other Russian territories; positive rate of natural increase. In addition, it has been taken into account that frontier territories have characteristic features of management which are less centralized and more management functions are transferred to the regions. The authors proceeded in their study from the following hypotheses: firstly, modern demographic characteristics and management features do not allow referring Russia Northern regions to frontier territories; secondly, the centralization of public administration impedes innovative development of the Northern Territories as frontier ones. The research which has been carried out on the basis of the authors’ methods allowed them to evaluate accuracy or inaccuracy of the expressed hypotheses

Keywords: demographic indicators, Russia’s Northern regions, frontier territories, innovative management of territories, population


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