Incentives for public procurement of innovation in the European Union, the United States, and China

The paper describes the key legal acts of the European Union, the United States, and China in the field of public procurement along with the key principles and incentives incorporated in the reviewed legal acts for encouraging domestic innovation through the public procurement. It is shown that there are no universal toolkits for encouraging domestic innovation through the public procurement and respective toolkits in different economies are different. The conclusion is drawn that the foreign evidence could be useful while reforming the public procurement in Russia, how-ever direct replication of foreign best practices without the Russian specific features being taken into account will not bring desirable results

Keywords: public procurement, government procurement, incentives for innovation, procurement procedures, procurement specifications, award criteria, environmental protection


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