The information and analytical system of monitoring of scientific and educational capacity of higher education institutions and the scientific organizations of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation is considered. The structure of system contains a complex of organizational actions, standard and methodical providing and software. Basis for data collection in system of monitoring are reports on research activity of higher education institutions and the scientific organizations. Each report consists of four sections: the main data on higher education institution (organization), an analytical note, tabular forms with indicators of scientific potential and data on the most significant scientific and technical development. Specialized software are developed for preparation and reception of reports. These means combine technologies of preparation and the analysis of reports in the off-line mode and provide the automated on- line-data exchange between participants of process of preparation and reception of reports. The database is created and on its basis information and analytical materials and statistical collections about the scientific capacity of higher education institutions and organizations are prepared. Examples of the analysis of efficiency of scientific activities of higher education institutions for a number of indicators are given. The information and analytical system is used in division of the ministry.
Keywords: Information and analytical system, monitoring, scientific and educational potential, report about research activity