The model of IoT technology in warehouse processes of a pharmaceutical company. Part 1

The article considers IoT technologies in warehouse processes of pharmaceutical company. The purpose of the paper is to present the stages of IoT technologies model implementation into warehouse processes of pharmaceutical product distributor. The pharmaceutical distributor is a link between producers and retail and wholesale pharmaceutical companies and hospital sector in supply chain of pharmaceutical goods, which is actually a pharmaceutical warehouse. The pharmaceutical warehouse is a specially equipped room aimed to store and process pharmaceutical goods, which corresponds to the regulated requirements. The article consists of two chapters. The first chapter of the paper shows pharmaceutical warehouse goods acceptance process modelling. The second part of the paper shows modelling of warehouse rooms temperature control. Results. The authors suggested stages of IoT technologies model implementation in study objects: temperature control sensors in warehouse rooms, which react on temperature change and signal to the warehouse control; temperature sensors in transport vehicles that control temperature inside and make a decision during acceptance process (in case of critical deviation); RFID tags, which are sensed and registered in WMS during acceptance process and when stored in cells goods send a signal to readers in rooms. Warehouse goods acceptance processes are described for a target model, the authors show solution architecture: an actual model (as it is) and the target model (as it has to be). To check and estimate implemented solutions the authors present simulation model of IoT technologies warehouse processes as simulated event processes in AnyLogic. Ishikawa diagram of model potential basic risks is built.

Keywords: IoT technologies, pharmaceutical warehouse, warehouse processes, warehouse processes modelling, pharmaceutical warehouse goods acceptance process modelling.



  1. Sinicova Ja. S., Didenko N. I. [Analysis of the Russian Pharmaceutical Market Potential]. V sbornike: Nedelja nauki SPbPU. Materialy nauchnoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem. Institut promyshlennogo menedzhmenta, jekonomiki i torgovli. V 3‑h chastjah. [SPbPU Science Week. Materials of the scientific conference with international participation]. Saint-Petersburg, 2019. pp. 474–476. (In Russian)
  2. Schuhmacher A., Gatto A., Kuss M., Gassmann O., Hinder M. Big Techs and startups in pharmaceutical R&D — A 2020 perspective on artificial intelligence. 2021. Available at: URL: 02.06.2022).
  3. Medicines include pharmaceutical substances and medicines. Medicinal product, drug product, medicament, medicine, pharmaceutical product — a substance or mixture of substances of synthetic or natural origin in the form of a dosage form used for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. [Federal Law No. 61‑FZ of April 12, 2010 (as amended on July 14, 2022) "On the Circulation of Medicines"]. Available at: 77d6809a94/. (In Russ.)
  4. Plotnikov F. V. Medico-pharmaceutical cluster as a tool for the development of innovations. Vestnik farmacii. [Bulletin of Pharmacy], 2019. no. 3 (85). pp. 51–56 (in Russian).
  5. Hramov A. V., Danilov R. A. Logistic process in the warehouse and the basics of its modeling. Vestnik molodyh uchenyh Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo jekonomicheskogo universiteta. [Bulletin of young scientists of the Samara State University of Economics], 2017, no. 1 (35), pp. 172–174. (in Russian).
  6. Sokolov B. I., Lin A. A., Orlov A. S. Pharmaceutical market: structural features in Russia. Problemy sovremennoj jekonomiki. [Problems of the modern economy], 2012, no 4 (44), pp. 336–341. (in Russian)
  7. Boysen N., de Koster R., Füßler D. The forgotten sons: Warehousing systems for brick-and-mortar retail chains. European Journal of Operational Research. Volume 288, Issue 2, 16 January 2021, pp. 361–381.
  8. Pesegova S. A. Status and prospects for the development of the pharmaceutical industry in the region on the example of the Republic of Khakassia. Infrastrukturnye otrasli jekonomiki: problemy i perspektivy razvitija. [Infrastructural branches of the economy: problems and development prospects], 2013, № 1, pp. 52–56. (in Russian).
  9. Kumar A., Zavadskas E. K., Mangla S. K., Agrawal V., Sharma K., Gupta D. When risks need attention: adoption of green supply chain initiatives in the pharmaceutical industry. International Journal of Production Research. Volume 57, 2019. Issue 11,
  10. Milanesi M., Runfola A., Guercini S.. Pharmaceutical industry riding the wave of sustainability: Review and opportunities for future research. Journal of Cleaner Production. Volume 261, 10 July 2020, 121204.
  11. Arslan M. Application of AHP method for the selection of pharmaceutical warehouse location. Ankara Univ. Vet. Fak. Derg., 44 (2020), pp. 253–264, 10.33483/JFPAU.709528
  12. 12. Erdogan M., Ayyildiz E. Investigation of the pharmaceutical warehouse locations under COVID-19— A case study for Duzce, Turkey. Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence. Volume 116, November 2022, 105389.
  13. Explanations to the commodity nomenclature of foreign economic activity of the Russian Federation (TN VED RUSSIA)" (approved by the State Customs Committee of the Russian Federation) (Volume II, section VI, groups 30–34). Available at: (In Russ.)
  14. Barkova N. Ju., Zherega D. D., Popova E. A., Logachjova V. P. Application of the Internet of things in the supply chains of the pharmaceutical industry. Vestnik universiteta, [Bulletin of the University], 2019, no 9, pp. 68–74. DOI10.26425/1816–4277–2019–9-68–74. (in Russian).
  15. Pharmaceutical logistics. FinCont, training center, June 15–16, 2022. Available at:‑farmatsevticheskaya-logistika. (In Russ.)
  16. Al'asas Basel' Mihail. A suggested developed model for quality losses estimation. Innovacii [Innovation], 2018. no.5, p. 109. (in Russian)
  17. Makov A. Ju. Implementation of the open innovation concept as a source of competitive advantages for pharmaceutical companies. Innovacii [Innovation], 2011, no. 3, pp. 85–89. (in Russian).
  18. Karimova A. A., Kortov S. V., Shul'gin D. B. The method for comparative analysis of innovation and technological characteristics of pharmaceutical products. Innovacii [Innovation], 2021, no. 2, pp. 69–77. (in Russian).
  19. Detter G. F., Tukkel' I. L. "Smart" digitalization of local innovation ecosystems in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. Innovacii [Innovation], 2018, no. 11 (241), pp. 30–35. (in Russian).
  20. Morath B., Sauer S., Zaradzki M., Wagner A. H. Orodispersible films — Recent developments and new applications in drug delivery and therapy. Biochemical Pharmacology. Volume 200, June 2022, 115036.
  21. Federal Law No. 61‑FZ of April 12, 2010 (as amended on July 14, 2022) "On the Circulation of Medicines". Available at: baabe5b69a3c031bfb8d485891bf8077d6809a94/. (In Russ.)
  22. Le Zhao, Qiongfen Yu, Ming Li, Yali Liu. A review of the innovative application of phase change materials to cold-chain logistics for agricultural product storage. Journal of Molecular Liquids. Volume 365, 1 November 2022, 120088.
  23. Tezina N. N. Review of the legal regulation of the FGIS MDLP project. Vrach i informacionnye tehnologii [Doctor and information technologies], 2020, no. S1, pp. 39–42. (in Russian).
  24. Vinokurov M. V. The use of modern technologies in the fight against the circulation of falsified drugs. Kriminologicheskie chtenija [Criminological readings], 2021, pp. 175–180. (in Russian).
  25. The procedure for the work of pharmacy organizations (pharmacies, pharmacy points, pharmacy kiosks) and individual entrepreneurs engaged in pharmaceutical activities with labeled drugs. Chestnyznak.rf — Electron. text data. — 2020 Available at: https://xn —80ajghhoc2aj1c8b.xn — p1ai/upload/Порядок%20 работы%20 с%20 маркированны­ми%20 ЛП%20 в%20 АОИП.pdf (In Russ.)
  26. Jakovleva K. N., Fomin A. V. Drugs subject to quantitative accounting. Molodezh', nauka, medicina [Youth, science, medicine], 2022, pp. 203–203. (in Russian).
  27. Bochkova S. S. Legal regulation of licensing activities for the production of medicines and pharmaceutical activities. Legal Bulletin., 2020, V. 5., no. 3, pp. 45–50. (in Russian).
  28. Federal Law No. 61‑FZ of April 12, 2010 (as amended on July 14, 2022) "On the Circulation of Medicines". Available at: baabe5b69a3c031bfb8d485891bf8077d6809a94/(in Russian).
  29. Chupandina, E. E., Glembockaja G. T. Organizacija farmacevticheskoj dejatel'nosti: uchebnik dlja vuzov [Organization of pharmaceutical activities: a textbook for universities]. Voronezh, 2019, 235 p.
  30. Samojlov D. V. i dr. [Optimization of warehouse logistics processes at the enterprise by simulation modeling], Desjataja vserossijskaja nauchno-prakticheskaja konferencija po imitacionnomu modelirovaniju i ego primeneniju v nauke i promyshlennosti «Imitacionnoe modelirovanie. Teorija i praktika» (IMMOD‑2021) [Tenth All-Russian scientific and practical conference on simulation modeling and its application in science and industry “Simulation modeling. Theory and Practice”], 2021, pp. 371–376. (in Russian).
  31. Charalampidis P., Makrogiannakis A., Karamolegkos N., Fragkiadakis A. A flexible Compilation-as-a‑Service and Remote-Programming-as-a‑Service platform for IoT devices. Internet of Things. Volume 20, November 2022, 100617.