Geographical indications: new opportunities for local producers

In 2019, a new type of intellectual property was introduced into the Russian legal system. Geographical indications (GI) give the right to use toponyms and elements associated with a certain territory for the purpose of individualizing goods and services. GI holders can use both the special qualities and the reputation of the place of origin of goods to promoting them. The article is devoted to the analysis of the legal nature of GIs, the key aspects of their registration and the benefits that right holders receive.

Keywords: Geographical Indications (GI), Appelations of Origin of Goods (AOG), no exclusive rights for GI and AOG, legal protection for local brands, special features of the goods.


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  3. The federal law of the Russian Federation of July 26, 2019, No 230‑FZ «About modification of the Part Four of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation and Articles 1 and 23.1 of the Federal Law «On State Regulation of the Production and Turnover of Ethyl Alcohol, Alcoholic and Alcohol-Containing Products and on Limiting the Consumption (Drinking) of Alcoholic Products». Rossiiskaia hazeta [Russian Newspaper], 2019, 31 July, No. 166 (in Russian).
  4. The Resolution No 1195 of the Government of the Russian Federation of August 8, 2020. Sobranie zakonodatelstva RF [Collection of Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation], 2020, 17 August, No 33, p.5395 (in Russian).
  5. Reestr geograficheskikh ukazaniy (GU) i naimenovaniy mest proishozhdenia tovarov (NMPT) Rossiiskoy Federatsii [Register of Geographical Indications (GI) and Appellations of Origin (AO) of the Russian Federation] Available at:  (Accessed 10 July 2022) (in Russian).