The article deals with the Megascience projects and facilities located on and outside the territory of the Russian Federation, the key research and
experimental areas within the framework of the projects are compared. The author explores the peculiarities of the existing organizational and legal forms
for the Megascience projects outside of Russia and the corresponding models for protecting the rights and interests of the projects participants. The author
also offers a set of criteria to evaluate the expediency of joining Russian research organizations the Megascience projects and facilities located outside the
Russian territory. On the basis of the criteria an assumption is made that joining the Square Kilometer Array Observatory and the European Spallation Source
may be of significant interest for Russia. The author highlights the key problems and risks that Russian organizations and citizens face when participating in
the Megascience projects outside the Russian territory and considers the ways to overcome them
Keywords: Megascience, large research infrastructure, organizational and legal forms, international science and technology cooperation, rights and interests of participants, access mode, intellectual property, visa restrictions
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