Technological entrepreneurship plays a major role in the national innovation system, but scientific ideas about it are formed mainly on the materials of
countries with mature market economies. The aim of the work is to identify the features and main features of the development of technological entrepreneurship
in countries with developing and transitional economies (China, India, Central and Eastern Europe). It has been established that the development processes
of technological entrepreneurship have always been longterm. It took 20-30 years or more from the initiation of programs and projects of scientific, technical,
innovative development. Consequently, technological entrepreneurship develops in an evolutionary way and requires the presence (or emergence) of a large
academic sector. Therefore, it is not enough to finance only the objects of innovation infrastructure and support of entrepreneurship. Also, the appearance
of technology entrepreneurship is affected by the peculiarities of national innovative demand, under the influence of which it can differ greatly from the
realities of countries with mature market economies. In many cases, technological entrepreneurship does not create a new product and market, but serves
the existing, not always efficient and progressive industries and socio-economic relations. Various random factors also significantly affect it, up to weather
conditions in certain cities.
China is the leader among developing and transitional countries. This was determined not only by large resources, including foreign direct investment,
but also by the high capacity of the domestic market, the consumer's commitment to local products, and the specific social practice of Guanxi. The third
place can be assigned to India, but here technological entrepreneurship is developing in many ways one-sided, deformed due to a rather low level of socioeconomic
development. The potential of many technology companies is limited by the fact that their product complements or serves a traditional business
and does not create a new one. At the same time, India also has large classical innovation clusters. In the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, the
nature of technological entrepreneurship was predetermined by the disparity in academic potential and resource provision. Therefore, technology firms are
concentrated in virtual and digital technology entrepreneurship
Keywords: technology entrepreneurship, innovation ecosystem, commercialization, China, India, Central and Eastern Europe.
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