In the new world order the main factor is the level of competitiveness of the state of technological development. The leaders of today’s world there are countries that have the technology perspective technological order. Russia has the ability to enter in the number of countries - the technological leaders, relying on the basic science, nuclear and defense industries. To do this, the formation of a new science and technology policy and governance research and development.
Keywords: technological way, geopolitics, military- industrial complex, Russian Academy of Sciences, competitiveness