Currently it is possible to observe developed regional innovation systems in foreign countries. Therefore the article is focused on the distinctive features of regional innovation systems and experience of their establishment. It presents a refined analysis of separate elements of regional innovation systems and mechanisms of their interaction in Texas (the USA) and Stuttgart (Germany). The key elements, which promote the development of innovative activity there, are authorities. Some new ideas concerning raising of innovative activity in Russia are advanced by the author due to analysis of state measures in the USA and Germany.
Keywords: innovation policy, research and development, regional innovation system